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Dr Clive Smith

Name: Clive Smith
Location: B Ring 428A / RS 221 Auckland Park Kingsway Campus
DELM Staff, Department of Education Leadership and Management, Faculty of Education  Staff Members

Contact Details:
Tel: +27 11 559 3486 / 5239


Curriculum Vitae Clive Smith

About Dr Clive Smith

​​​Highest qualification
Degree: PhD
Institution: University of Oregon
Title: Dr
Supervisor: Dick Schmuck, Phil Runkel, Harry Wolcott, Rick Steers, Chet Bowers


Teaching information

Courses taught in the past


  • Classroom management
  • Project management
  • Language in leadership and management
  • Leadership and managment in a South African context
  • Leading and managing people
  • Policy and planning
  • Human resource management
  • Mentoring
  • Business management


  • Organisation development (OD) – Hons and Masters
  • Organisation behaviour – Hons
  • Organisation behaviour – Masters
  • Qualitative research methodologies – Honours, Masters, MBA and PhD
  • Organisation literacy – PGCE
  • History of South African schooling – PGCE
  • Education policy and governance – Masters
  • Education leadership – Masters
  • Education management – Masters
  • Business management – MBA

Courses to be taught this year


  • Teaching methodology
  • Project management
  • Language in leadership and management


  • Organisation behaviour – Honours
  • Organisation behaviour – Masters


Postgraduate students
Past students


Completed master’s

Brian Chinsamy – SRC role in school governance

Margaret Irvine – A critical investigation of a planned organisation change initiative within an educational institution in the Eastern Cape province

Sue Dowding – Leadership succession

Namibian conflict management

Pamela Lusaseni – School governance

Johnson Nongwe – Organisation development

Nicole Holzhausen – History of Good Shepherd School

Daphne Bekitshwa – A critical review of the literature on the expected roles of school principals

Toto Besman – The implications of teacher unionism for principals in the five high schools in the Dimbaza District of the Eastern Cape

Eldrid Uithaler – Environmental education

Danielle Law-Jackson – Foxes on Northern Cape farms

Simphiwe Madasa – Managing change at a South African senior secondary school: A case study

Johannes Mabuza – Stakeholder perceptions of success factors in an academically successful Swazi high school in Manzini, Swaziland

Alice – From corporate philanthropy to corporate social responsibility: A case study of the corporate social investment programmes of Daimler-Chrysler South Africa (DCSA) in the local communities of the Border-Kei region of the Eastern Cape province

Karen Geyer – The founder group’s experience of the organisational culture of the Directorate of Special Operations

Ian McKenzie – Organisation development

Christa Alexander – Instructional leadership in a Namibian teacher training college

Daniel Lyggya – A case study of stakeholders’ perception of the management implications of the discipline provisions of the 1996 Schools Act in a rural Eastern Cape high school

Pauline Mitchell – Organisation development

Gideon Nasima – An investigation of the experiences and perceptions of teachers with regards to staff development in a Namibian secondary school

Selma Neshila – Action research on an organization development intervention in a secondary school in the Erongo Education Region of Namibia

Marthina Hausiku – Future Search Conference

Nellie Layno – Participants’ experience and perception of the Future Search Conference as an organizational change strategy in the Nursing Board of Namibia

Toppies Topnaar – How the school management and staff of a Rundu secondary school experience their school cluster system

Deborah Scheepers – An investigation into the effect of corporate philanthropy on staff morale at a small company in the South African marketing industry

Helena Perestrelo – An organization development Intervention in a rural school in the Omusati Region of Namibia

Didi Maselana – An investigation of the sustainability of the Imbewu Project at Phiwe Primary School

Tania Cochrane – Action research on leadership style and relationships in an East London law firm

Sagran Naidoo – Alternative dispute resolution in the metal and engineering industries bargaining council

Sihle Baloyi – An evaluation of corporate strategic entrepreneurship at Buffalo Chemicals

Goliath Mungonge – Leadership at a Zambian national newspaper

Naza Nompozolo – The value of shared corporate services in improving patient care in East London hospitals

Nothando Fakude – Customer perceptions of after-sales service in a manufacturing industry in Gauteng, South Africa

Leonard Sinvula – The role of leadership in a successful rural secondary school in Namibia

Erwin Awarab – An Investigation into the organisation culture at an academically successful secondary school in Namibia

Pecka Semba – Education decentralization in the Omaheke Region of Namibia

Sinvula Kasokonya – An investigation of how members of a School Board perceive and experience their roles in a secondary school

Christine Shilima – An investigation into perceptions of participative management in a Namibian secondary school.

Gernot Piepmeyer – Organizational Culture and Innovation: The Case of the Namibian National Institute for Educational Development

Robert Mabuku – Democratic Leadership and Management Practices in a Rural Namibian Secondary School

Angeline Steenkamp – An Organization Development Intervention in a Secondary School in the Erongo Region of Namibia

Steff Deprez – Towards Monitoring That Makes Sense: Action Research Design of a Planning, Learning and Accountability System for a Sustainable Agriculture Programme in Eastern Indonesia

Natalia Guriras – Teachers’ experiences and perceptions of staff development in a Namibian Secondary School: A case study

Tasneem Sheik – School violence directed at educators in selected South African schools

Satie Raath – Principals’ experiences and perceptions of the role of the Institutional Development and Support Official in Gauteng schools

Sadi Seyama – University of Johannesburg heads of departments’ experiences and perceptions of the University’s performance management system

Rebotile Marape – Transformation leadership in a Gauteng school: A case study

Linda Khoza – Induction experiences of newly qualified teachers in a primary school setting

Vhulahani Managa – Principals’ experience of teacher diversity management in two ex-model C schools in the Ekurhuleni District in Gauteng

Anton Oosthuizen – The perceptions of school management team members and teachers regarding the SMT’s role as change agents in the integration of ICT’s for effective whole school management in Johannesburg North

Completed PhD

Hennie van der Mescht – A phenomenological investigation into leaders’ perceptions of themselves, their followers and their organisational contexts

Johann McFarlane – A critical investigation into course development for the preparation of school leaders: An action research study

Jongi Klaas – An ethnography of racial desegregation among pupils in a South African high school

Noel Pearse – Development of a grounded theory accounting for strategic leadership and organisation inertia in congregations transitioning from programme-based to cell-based churches

Di Wilmot – Teachers as recontextualisers: A case study analysis of outcomes-based assessment policy implementation in two South African schools

Neil Harvey – The development and transfer of core competencies in multinational corporations: A case study of three South African originated multinational corporations, compared and contrasted with a leading United States multinational

John Nyambe – Namibian teacher educators’ interpretation and practice of learner-centred pedagogy: A case study

Abu-Baker Mutaaya – Decentralisation and quality assurance in the Ugandan primary education sector

Popyeni Amushigamo – “It is the culture of the school that makes students behave the way they do”: A case study in two Namibian secondary schools

Current students


Chris van Niekerk – Experiences of a township secondary school’s teachers of an educational partnership with a private secondary school in Gauteng: A case study.

Ayhan Cetin – The role of principals in fostering the value of tolerance at Hizmet Schools in South AfricanKaren Kara – Teachers perceptions of the influence of teacher unions on curriculum delivery

Welma Malherbe – An auto-ethnography of a beginner principal

Tim Gage – Leadership intelligence: Unlocking the potential for school transformation

Edward Chauke – The policy process in a local district office

Ishaak Cassim – The use of learner assessment data by public secondary school management team members in Tshwane South District to improve learner performance

Thoko Dlamini – Teachers’ experience of the effect of the management of the introduction of the new curriculum and assessment policy statement on their professional commitment in two South African schools

Sydwell Leqele – Factors leading to learners’ absenteeism in secondary schools in the Ekurhuleni region of Gauteng

Monicah Motlhabane – Teachers’ experiences and perceptions of change management strategies used in a Gauteng high school

Peter Oloba – Teachers’ experience of systemic change in the Nigerian primary school system



Sadi Seyama – Performance management in higher education: Critical leadership for academic heads of departments

Stanley Ngobeni – School management practices in establishing and maintaining school-community partnerships in township secondary schools in Gauteng

Fortunate Mugwaze – The strategic management of human capital in Zimbabwean public secondary schools

Personal background

As a former high school principal in a “releasing” rather than “controlling” school system, I became acutely aware of the value of gathering around oneself inspired, committed and passionate people and letting them get on with it. That reflects my leadership and management philosophy: Find good people and then keep out of their way. This experience of being the principal of what may have been SA’s first racially and culturally open high school opened the door for me to complete a masters and PhD on a Fulbright scholarship at the University of Oregon. There, I was privileged to study under international luminaries such as Dick Schmuck and Phil Runkel, the fathers of Organisation Development (OD) in education, with whom I was able to conduct Organisation Development action research interventions. I also worked with Harry Wolcott – the doyen of ethnographers and the most remarkable teacher I’ve had, who helped me see that at heart I’m an ethnographer. And from Hennie van der Mescht, my former colleague at Rhodes University, I learned the value of serving the students entrusted to one’s care.

Research interests

My main areas of research interest and experience are in leadership and management in general, and organisation change and transformation in particular, including Participatory Action Research and practitioner enquiry research methods. Organisation change includes basic organisation processes such as communication, meetings, problem solving, decision making and conflict management and participative strategic planning processes such as Future Search Conferencing, and Appreciative Inquiry. I love the interpretive character of Ethnography and also have a passing interest in historical research, Phenomenology, Grounded Theory and Critical Realism as research methods.

Professional Experience

From 1994-2009 I taught Leadership and Management and Qualitative Research methodologies at Rhodes University in the Department of Education, Department of Management and Rhodes Investec Business School MBA programme. I teach at PhD, Masters and Honours and ACE levels. I have organised and facilitated a number of Qualitative Research short courses at Rhodes University and at other universities and have successfully supervised almost 50 Masters and 10 PhD theses.

I joined the Department of Education Leadership and Management at the University of Johannesburg in 2010. At UJ, I teach Organisation Development, change leadership, project management and qualitative research methodologies at PhD, Masters, Honours, BEd and ACE levels. I continue to supervise PhD and Masters students’ research. Under the auspices of the UJ Education Leadership Institute, I offer workshops in organisation diagnosis and change processes, change leadership, participative strategic planning and a variety of organisation processes, such as communication, effective meetings, problem solving and decision making, and conflict management. I am also available to assist and coach organisations that wish to engage in a change process.

Besides my teaching and research supervision, I have conducted numerous organisation change interventions in private, government and public organisations in South Africa as well as in the USA and in neighbouring countries. I derive great satisfaction from helping groups and organisations that want to help themselves.

Research information

Current research interests
Organisation change and transformation, behaviour in organisations, culture in organisations, qualitative research methodologies

List of publications

Smith, Clive. 1990. Historical archaeology of southern African iron-age societies at school: Mmabatho High School and Khadetswene. Pretoria: Transvaal Museum.

Smith, Clive. 1990. Khaditshwene. Custos 19(10):30.

Smith, Clive. 1995. Culture and organisation: Fit or misfit? In Educational reform and policy shifts in southern Africa: Proceedings of the third annual southern African Comparative and History of Education Society Conference, Scottburgh, Natal, 28-29 October 1993, 181-200. Bellville, Cape Town: SACHES

Smith, Clive. 1995. Organisational level staff development (SD). Discourse, 6(3), October, 20-23.

Smith, Clive. 1996. “You can do so much without sticking to structures”: The power of vision to develop a school culture. In In pursuit of equality, pp.127-141. Cape Town: Juta.

Smith, Clive. 1997. Grundtvig and the South African community college idea. In North-South No 10. Published by Education contact north south, Copenhagen, December.

Daweti, Milly & Smith, Clive. 1999. Community building for new teaching and learning contexts in South Africa. Progressio

Pearse, Noel & Smith, Clive. 2005. Theory generation: An illustration of the use of grounded theory in management research. Management Dynamics, 14(2), 47-59.

Pearse, N. & Smith, C. 2007 Sense of community: An explanation of organizational inertia in cell

Smith, Clive. (2008a). School change. In G. McCulloch & D. Crook (Eds.), The Routledge international encyclopedia of education. London: Routledge.

Smith, Clive. (2008b). South Africa. In G. McCulloch & D. Crook (Eds.), The Routledge international encyclopedia of education. London: Routledge.

Smith, C. (2012). Self perception of a South African urban school district. Journal of Education, 52:111-132.

Seyama, S. & Smith, C. 2013. An exploration of the University of Johannesburg heads of department’s experiences and perceptions of the University’s performance management system. In F. Gouws and C. Wolhuter (Eds.), Educational research in South Africa: Practices and perspectives (SAERA conference proceedings), 223-249). Cape Town: Oxford University Press.

Smith, C., Mestry, R. & Bambie, A. 2013. Roleplayers’ experiences and perceptions of heads of departments’ instructional leadership role in secondary schools. Education as Change, 17(1), 163-176.

Smith, C., & Amushigamo, A. 2014. The perceived influence of school leadership on learner behaviour in a Namibian secondary School. Educational Management, Administration & Leadership. Forthcoming.

Smith, C., & Amushigamo, A. 2014. The perceived influence of school leadership on learner behaviour in an underperforming Namibian secondary School. In Proceedings of the 7th International Conference of Education, Research and Innovation, 4305-4312, Seville, Spain, 17-19 November. ISBN: 978-84-617-2484-0 ISSN: 2340-1095

Smith, C., & Amushigamo, A. 2016. The perceived influence of school leadership on learner behaviour in a Namibian secondary School. Educational Management, Administration Leadership, 44(4):650-667.
Seyama, S., & Smith, C. 2015. “Not worth the sweat”: Performance management rewards at a South African university. Indo-Pacific Journal of Phenomenology, 15(2). 13pp. DOI:10.1080/20797222.2015.1101835
Amushigamo, A. & Smith, C. 2015. Human needs satisfaction and student behavior in a Namibian senior secondary school. In proceedings of the 8th International Conference of Education, Research and Innovation, Seville, Spain, 16-18 November. ISBN: 978-84-608-2657-6
ISSN: 2340-1095
Amushigamo, A. & Smith, C. 2015. Ubuntu school culture and positive student behavior. In Proceedings of the 8th International Conference of Education, Research and Innovation, Seville, Spain, 16-18 November. ISBN: 978-84-608-2657-6
ISSN: 2340-1095
Seyama, S. & Smith, C. 2015. Performance management in higher education: Critical leadership for academic heads of department. In Proceedings of the 8th International Conference of Education, Research and Innovation, Seville, Spain, 16-18 November. ISBN: 978-84-608-2657-6 ISSN: 2340-1095
Cetin, A. & Smith, C. 2015. Principals’ perceptions of tolerance in South African Hizmet Movement schools and its impact on their tolerance education practices. In Proceedings of the 8th International Conference of Education, Research and Innovation, Seville, Spain, 16-18 November. ISBN: 978-84-608-2657-6
ISSN: 2340-1095
Sheik, T. & Smith, C. 2015. Teachers’ experience of pupil violence directed at teachers in selected Johannesburg secondary schools. In Proceedings of the 8th International Conference of Education, Research and Innovation, Seville, Spain, 16-18 November. ISBN: 978-84-608-2657-6
ISSN: 2340-1095
Raath, E. & Smith, C. 2015. School principals’ experience of the inspectorate in a Johannesburg school district. In Proceedings of the 8th International Conference of Education, Research and Innovation, Seville, Spain, 16-18 November. ISBN: 978-84-608-2657-6
ISSN: 2340-1095
Seyama, S. & Smith, C. 2015. Amenable performance management in higher education: Integrating principles of agency and stewardship theories. African Education Review. Forthcoming.

Membership of associations

  • Education Association of South Africa, Education Management Association of South Africa
  • Editorial board – Educational Research Journal
  • Community engagement – Education Leadership Institute
  • Awards received – All-African Student Conference leading paper award, Alty Award, Fulbright scholarship, Anglo Chairman’s Fund